Federalizing India in the Age of Globalization
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Director of Research, Centre for Multilevel Federalism, Institute of Social Sciences, Delhi
Professor of Political Science, University of Delhi
The book conveys the major new direction of change in the Indian political system today. There has been a gradual political decentring of a predominantly parliamentary system of the first four decades after independence into a new federalizing and globalizing India since the early 1990s. The early stirrings of federalization were indeed evident in the territorial reorganization of the states along linguistic lines in response to popular movements in the 1950s and 1960s. However, the most comprehensive wave of federalization that has gripped politics and governance in India has surfaced since the early 1990s. The indicators and impact of political federalization are evident in the new grammar of politics pervading the working of governmental institutions – the legislative, exclusive, and judicial branches of governments as well as the union, state, and local governments. The political factors that have accelerated the process of federalization is the transformation of the party system, with regional parties coming to play a decisive balancing role in Indian politics and globalization.