Wombs in Labor: Transnational Commercial Surrogacy in India

AUTHOR- Amrita Pande

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INFORMATION

  • AUTHOR : Amrita Pande
  • HB ISBN : 978-93-86552-91-4
  • Year : 2018
  • Extent : 266 pp.
  • Discount available on checkout
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 working days.

Wombs in Labor: Transnational Commercial Surrogacy in India

HB
₹ 1,095 . $  . ₤
PB
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POD
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e-Book
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INFORMATION

  • AUTHOR – Amrita Pande
  • ISBN: 978-93-86552-91-4
  • Year – 2018
  • Extent: 400 + 40 coloured illustrations
  • 10% discount + free shipping
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 working days.

Surrogacy is India’s new form of outsourcing, as couples from all over the world hire Indian women to bear their children for a fraction of the cost of surrogacy elsewhere with little to no government oversight or regulation. In the first detailed ethnography of India’s surrogacy industry, Amrita Pande visits clinics and hostels and speaks with surrogates and their families, clients, doctors, brokers, and hostel matrons in order to shed light on this burgeoning business and the experiences of the laborers within it.
From recruitment to training to delivery, Pande’s research focuses on how reproduction meets production in surrogacy and how this reflects characteristics of India’s larger labor system. Pande’s interviews prove surrogates are more than victims of disciplinary power, and she examines the strategies they deploy to retain control over their bodies and reproductive futures. While some women are coerced into the business by their families, others negotiate with clients and their clinics to gain access to technologies and networks otherwise closed to them.
As surrogates, the women Pande meets get to know and make the most of advanced medical discoveries. They traverse borders and straddle relationships that test the boundaries of race, class, religion, and nationality. Those who focus on the inherent inequalities of India’s surrogacy industry believe the practice should be either banned or strictly regulated. Pande instead advocates for a better understanding of this complex labor market, envisioning an international model of fair-trade surrogacy founded on openness and transparency in all business, medical, and emotional exchanges.

The Author
Amrita Pande is a professor in sociology at the University of Cape Town. Her research focuses on the intersection of globalization and the intimate, and her writings have appeared in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and SocietyGender and SocietyCritical Social PolicyInternational Migration ReviewQualitative SociologyFeminist StudiesIndian Journal of Gender StudiesReproductive BioMedicine, and in several edited volumes. She is also an educator, performer and is currently involved in a multimedia theatre performance, Made in India: Notes from a Baby Farm, which is based on her ethnographic work on surrogacy.

Surrogacy is India’s new form of outsourcing, as couples from all over the world hire Indian women to bear their children for a fraction of the cost of surrogacy elsewhere with little to no government oversight or regulation. In the first detailed ethnography of India’s surrogacy industry, Amrita Pande visits clinics and hostels and speaks with surrogates and their families, clients, doctors, brokers, and hostel matrons in order to shed light on this burgeoning business and the experiences of the laborers within it.
From recruitment to training to delivery, Pande’s research focuses on how reproduction meets production in surrogacy and how this reflects characteristics of India’s larger labor system. Pande’s interviews prove surrogates are more than victims of disciplinary power, and she examines the strategies they deploy to retain control over their bodies and reproductive futures. While some women are coerced into the business by their families, others negotiate with clients and their clinics to gain access to technologies and networks otherwise closed to them.
As surrogates, the women Pande meets get to know and make the most of advanced medical discoveries. They traverse borders and straddle relationships that test the boundaries of race, class, religion, and nationality. Those who focus on the inherent inequalities of India’s surrogacy industry believe the practice should be either banned or strictly regulated. Pande instead advocates for a better understanding of this complex labor market, envisioning an international model of fair-trade surrogacy founded on openness and transparency in all business, medical, and emotional exchanges.

The Author
Amrita Pande is a professor in sociology at the University of Cape Town. Her research focuses on the intersection of globalization and the intimate, and her writings have appeared in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and SocietyGender and SocietyCritical Social PolicyInternational Migration ReviewQualitative SociologyFeminist StudiesIndian Journal of Gender StudiesReproductive BioMedicine, and in several edited volumes. She is also an educator, performer and is currently involved in a multimedia theatre performance, Made in India: Notes from a Baby Farm, which is based on her ethnographic work on surrogacy.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments Ix-Xi
Introduction: Wombs In Labor 1-25
Pro-Natal Technologies In An Anti-Natal State 26-36
When The Fish Talk About The Water 37-63
Manufacturing The Perfect Mother-Worker 64-83
Everyday Divinities And God’s Labor 84-103
Embodied Labor And Neo-Eugenics 104-127
Disposable Workers And Dirty Labor 128-142
Disposable Mothers And Kin Labor 143-165
Conclusion: Aporia Of Surrogacy 166-186
Epilogue: Did The “Sperm On A Rickshaw” Save The Third World? 187-194
Appendix A. Selected Clauses From The Assisted Reproductive Technologies (Regulation) Draft Bill, 2010 195-199
Appendix B. Consent Form To Be Signed By Surrogates 201-203
Appendix C. Descriptive Tables 205-210
Notes 211-221
Works Cited 223-235
Index 237-252